PostGIS 3.5 Cheatsheet

New in this release 1 Enhanced in this release 2   Aggregate agg    Window function W   Requires GEOS (3.9,3.10,3.11,3.12) or higher g3.9 g3.11 g3.12 2.5/3D support 3d   SQL-MMmm   Supports geography G
PostGIS Geometry/Geography/Box Data Types
box2d    The type representing a 2-dimensional bounding box.
box3d    The type representing a 3-dimensional bounding box.
geometry    The type representing spatial features with planar coordinate systems.
geometry_dump    A composite type used to describe the parts of complex geometry.
geography    The type representing spatial features with geodetic (ellipsoidal) coordinate systems.

Table Management Functions
AddGeometryColumn  3d    Adds a geometry column to an existing table.
  1. table_name, column_name, srid, type, dimension, use_typmod=true
  2. schema_name, table_name, column_name, srid, type, dimension, use_typmod=true
  3. catalog_name, schema_name, table_name, column_name, srid, type, dimension, use_typmod=true
DropGeometryColumn  3d    Removes a geometry column from a spatial table.
  1. table_name, column_name
  2. schema_name, table_name, column_name
  3. catalog_name, schema_name, table_name, column_name
DropGeometryTable    Drops a table and all its references in geometry_columns.
  1. table_name
  2. schema_name, table_name
  3. catalog_name, schema_name, table_name
Find_SRID (a_schema_name, a_table_name, a_geomfield_name)    Returns the SRID defined for a geometry column.
Populate_Geometry_Columns    Ensures geometry columns are defined with type modifiers or have appropriate spatial constraints.
  1. use_typmod=true
  2. relation_oid, use_typmod=true
UpdateGeometrySRID  3d    Updates the SRID of all features in a geometry column, and the table metadata.
  1. table_name, column_name, srid
  2. schema_name, table_name, column_name, srid
  3. catalog_name, schema_name, table_name, column_name, srid

Geometry Constructors
ST_Collect  3d    Creates a GeometryCollection or Multi* geometry from a set of geometries.
  1. g1, g2
  2. g1_array
  3. g1field agg
ST_LineFromMultiPoint  3d (aMultiPoint)    Creates a LineString from a MultiPoint geometry.
ST_MakeEnvelope (xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax, srid=unknown)    Creates a rectangular Polygon from minimum and maximum coordinates.
ST_MakeLine  3d    Creates a LineString from Point, MultiPoint, or LineString geometries.
  1. geom1, geom2
  2. geoms_array
  3. geoms agg
ST_MakePoint  3d    Creates a 2D, 3DZ or 4D Point.
  1. x, y
  2. x, y, z
  3. x, y, z, m
ST_MakePointM (x, y, m)    Creates a Point from X, Y and M values.
ST_MakePolygon  3d    Creates a Polygon from a shell and optional list of holes.
  1. linestring
  2. outerlinestring, interiorlinestrings
ST_Point  mm    Creates a Point with X, Y and SRID values.
  1. x, y
  2. x, y, srid=unknown
ST_PointZ (x, y, z, srid=unknown)    Creates a Point with X, Y, Z and SRID values.
ST_PointM (x, y, m, srid=unknown)    Creates a Point with X, Y, M and SRID values.
ST_PointZM (x, y, z, m, srid=unknown)    Creates a Point with X, Y, Z, M and SRID values.
ST_Polygon  mm  3d (lineString, srid)    Creates a Polygon from a LineString with a specified SRID.
ST_TileEnvelope (tileZoom, tileX, tileY, bounds=SRID=3857;LINESTRING(-20037508.342789 -20037508.342789,20037508.342789 20037508.342789), margin=0.0)    Creates a rectangular Polygon in Web Mercator (SRID:3857) using the XYZ tile system.
ST_HexagonGrid (size, bounds)    Returns a set of hexagons and cell indices that completely cover the bounds of the geometry argument.
ST_Hexagon (size, cell_i, cell_j, origin)    Returns a single hexagon, using the provided edge size and cell coordinate within the hexagon grid space.
ST_SquareGrid (size, bounds)    Returns a set of grid squares and cell indices that completely cover the bounds of the geometry argument.
ST_Square (size, cell_i, cell_j, origin)    Returns a single square, using the provided edge size and cell coordinate within the square grid space.
ST_Letters ( letters, font)    Returns the input letters rendered as geometry with a default start position at the origin and default text height of 100.

Geometry Accessors
GeometryType  3d (geomA)    Returns the type of a geometry as text.
ST_Boundary  mm  3d (geomA)    Returns the boundary of a geometry.
ST_BoundingDiagonal  3d (geom, fits=false)    Returns the diagonal of a geometry's bounding box.
ST_CoordDim  mm  3d (geomA)    Return the coordinate dimension of a geometry.
ST_Dimension  mm (g)    Returns the topological dimension of a geometry.
ST_Dump  3d (g1)    Returns a set of geometry_dump rows for the components of a geometry.
ST_DumpPoints  3d (geom)    Returns a set of geometry_dump rows for the coordinates in a geometry.
ST_DumpSegments  3d (geom)    Returns a set of geometry_dump rows for the segments in a geometry.
ST_DumpRings  3d (a_polygon)    Returns a set of geometry_dump rows for the exterior and interior rings of a Polygon.
ST_EndPoint  mm  3d (g)    Returns the last point of a LineString or CircularLineString.
ST_Envelope  mm (g1)    Returns a geometry representing the bounding box of a geometry.
ST_ExteriorRing  mm  3d (a_polygon)    Returns a LineString representing the exterior ring of a Polygon.
ST_GeometryN  mm  3d (geomA, n)    Return an element of a geometry collection.
ST_GeometryType  mm  3d (g1)    Returns the SQL-MM type of a geometry as text.
ST_HasArc  3d (geomA)    Tests if a geometry contains a circular arc
ST_InteriorRingN  mm  3d (a_polygon, n)    Returns the Nth interior ring (hole) of a Polygon.
ST_NumCurves  mm  3d (a_compoundcurve)    Return the number of component curves in a CompoundCurve.
ST_CurveN  mm  3d (a_compoundcurve, index)    Returns the Nth component curve geometry of a CompoundCurve.
ST_IsClosed  mm  3d (g)    Tests if a LineStrings's start and end points are coincident. For a PolyhedralSurface tests if it is closed (volumetric).
ST_IsCollection  3d (g)    Tests if a geometry is a geometry collection type.
ST_IsEmpty  mm (geomA)    Tests if a geometry is empty.
ST_IsPolygonCCW  3d (geom)    Tests if Polygons have exterior rings oriented counter-clockwise and interior rings oriented clockwise.
ST_IsPolygonCW  3d (geom)    Tests if Polygons have exterior rings oriented clockwise and interior rings oriented counter-clockwise.
ST_IsRing  mm (g)    Tests if a LineString is closed and simple.
ST_IsSimple  mm  3d (geomA)    Tests if a geometry has no points of self-intersection or self-tangency.
ST_M  mm  3d (a_point)    Returns the M coordinate of a Point.
ST_MemSize  3d (geomA)    Returns the amount of memory space a geometry takes.
ST_NDims  3d (g1)    Returns the coordinate dimension of a geometry.
ST_NPoints  3d (g1)    Returns the number of points (vertices) in a geometry.
ST_NRings  3d (geomA)    Returns the number of rings in a polygonal geometry.
ST_NumGeometries  mm  3d (geom)    Returns the number of elements in a geometry collection.
ST_NumInteriorRings  mm (a_polygon)    Returns the number of interior rings (holes) of a Polygon.
ST_NumInteriorRing (a_polygon)    Returns the number of interior rings (holes) of a Polygon. Aias for ST_NumInteriorRings
ST_NumPatches  mm  3d (g1)    Return the number of faces on a Polyhedral Surface. Will return null for non-polyhedral geometries.
ST_NumPoints  mm (g1)    Returns the number of points in a LineString or CircularString.
ST_PatchN  mm  3d (geomA, n)    Returns the Nth geometry (face) of a PolyhedralSurface.
ST_PointN  mm  3d (a_linestring, n)    Returns the Nth point in the first LineString or circular LineString in a geometry.
ST_Points  3d (geom)    Returns a MultiPoint containing the coordinates of a geometry.
ST_StartPoint  mm  3d (geomA)    Returns the first point of a LineString.
ST_Summary  G    Returns a text summary of the contents of a geometry.
  1. g
  2. g
ST_X  mm  3d (a_point)    Returns the X coordinate of a Point.
ST_Y  mm  3d (a_point)    Returns the Y coordinate of a Point.
ST_Z  mm  3d (a_point)    Returns the Z coordinate of a Point.
ST_Zmflag  3d (geomA)    Returns a code indicating the ZM coordinate dimension of a geometry.
ST_HasZ  1  3d (geom)    Checks if a geometry has a Z dimension.
ST_HasM  1  3d (geom)    Checks if a geometry has an M (measure) dimension.

Geometry Editors
ST_AddPoint  3d    Add a point to a LineString.
  1. linestring, point
  2. linestring, point, position = -1
ST_CollectionExtract    Given a geometry collection, returns a multi-geometry containing only elements of a specified type.
  1. collection
  2. collection, type
ST_CollectionHomogenize (collection)    Returns the simplest representation of a geometry collection.
ST_CurveToLine  mm  3d (curveGeom, tolerance, tolerance_type, flags)    Converts a geometry containing curves to a linear geometry.
ST_Scroll  3d (linestring, point)    Change start point of a closed LineString.
ST_FlipCoordinates  3d (geom)    Returns a version of a geometry with X and Y axis flipped.
ST_Force2D  3d (geomA)    Force the geometries into a "2-dimensional mode".
ST_Force3D  3d (geomA, Zvalue = 0.0)    Force the geometries into XYZ mode. This is an alias for ST_Force3DZ.
ST_Force3DZ  3d (geomA, Zvalue = 0.0)    Force the geometries into XYZ mode.
ST_Force3DM (geomA, Mvalue = 0.0)    Force the geometries into XYM mode.
ST_Force4D  3d (geomA, Zvalue = 0.0, Mvalue = 0.0)    Force the geometries into XYZM mode.
ST_ForceCollection  3d (geomA)    Convert the geometry into a GEOMETRYCOLLECTION.
ST_ForceCurve  3d (g)    Upcast a geometry into its curved type, if applicable.
ST_ForcePolygonCCW  3d (geom)    Orients all exterior rings counter-clockwise and all interior rings clockwise.
ST_ForcePolygonCW  3d (geom)    Orients all exterior rings clockwise and all interior rings counter-clockwise.
ST_ForceSFS  3d    Force the geometries to use SFS 1.1 geometry types only.
  1. geomA
  2. geomA, version
ST_ForceRHR  3d (g)    Force the orientation of the vertices in a polygon to follow the Right-Hand-Rule.
ST_LineExtend (line, distance_forward, distance_backward=0.0)    Returns a line extended forwards and backwards by specified distances.
ST_LineToCurve  3d (geomANoncircular)    Converts a linear geometry to a curved geometry.
ST_Multi (geom)    Return the geometry as a MULTI* geometry.
ST_Normalize (geom)    Return the geometry in its canonical form.
ST_Project  G    Returns a point projected from a start point by a distance and bearing (azimuth).
  1. g1, distance, azimuth
  2. g1, g2, distance
  3. g1, distance, azimuth
  4. g1, g2, distance
ST_QuantizeCoordinates (g, prec_x, prec_y, prec_z, prec_m)    Sets least significant bits of coordinates to zero
ST_RemovePoint  3d (linestring, offset)    Remove a point from a linestring.
ST_RemoveRepeatedPoints  3d (geom, tolerance)    Returns a version of a geometry with duplicate points removed.
ST_Reverse  3d (g1)    Return the geometry with vertex order reversed.
ST_Segmentize  G    Returns a modified geometry/geography having no segment longer than a given distance.
  1. geom, max_segment_length
  2. geog, max_segment_length
ST_SetPoint  3d (linestring, zerobasedposition, point)    Replace point of a linestring with a given point.
ST_ShiftLongitude  3d (geom)    Shifts the longitude coordinates of a geometry between -180..180 and 0..360.
ST_WrapX  3d (geom, wrap, move)    Wrap a geometry around an X value.
ST_SnapToGrid  3d    Snap all points of the input geometry to a regular grid.
  1. geomA, originX, originY, sizeX, sizeY
  2. geomA, sizeX, sizeY
  3. geomA, size
  4. geomA, pointOrigin, sizeX, sizeY, sizeZ, sizeM
ST_Snap (input, reference, tolerance)    Snap segments and vertices of input geometry to vertices of a reference geometry.
ST_SwapOrdinates  3d (geom, ords)    Returns a version of the given geometry with given ordinate values swapped.

Geometry Validation
ST_IsValid  mm    Tests if a geometry is well-formed in 2D.
  1. g
  2. g, flags
ST_IsValidDetail (geom, flags)    Returns a valid_detail row stating if a geometry is valid or if not a reason and a location.
ST_IsValidReason    Returns text stating if a geometry is valid, or a reason for invalidity.
  1. geomA
  2. geomA, flags
ST_MakeValid  3d    Attempts to make an invalid geometry valid without losing vertices.
  1. input
  2. input, params

Spatial Reference System Functions
ST_InverseTransformPipeline (geom, pipeline, to_srid)    Return a new geometry with coordinates transformed to a different spatial reference system using the inverse of a defined coordinate transformation pipeline.
ST_SetSRID (geom, srid)    Set the SRID on a geometry.
ST_SRID  mm (g1)    Returns the spatial reference identifier for a geometry.
ST_Transform  mm    Return a new geometry with coordinates transformed to a different spatial reference system.
  1. g1, srid
  2. geom, to_proj
  3. geom, from_proj, to_proj
  4. geom, from_proj, to_srid
ST_TransformPipeline (g1, pipeline, to_srid)    Return a new geometry with coordinates transformed to a different spatial reference system using a defined coordinate transformation pipeline.
postgis_srs_codes (auth_name)    Return the list of SRS codes associated with the given authority.
postgis_srs (auth_name, auth_srid)    Return a metadata record for the requested authority and srid.
postgis_srs_all ()    Return metadata records for every spatial reference system in the underlying Proj database.
postgis_srs_search (bounds, auth_name=EPSG)    Return metadata records for projected coordinate systems that have areas of useage that fully contain the bounds parameter.

Geometry Input
ST_BdPolyFromText (WKT, srid)    Construct a Polygon given an arbitrary collection of closed linestrings as a MultiLineString Well-Known text representation.
ST_BdMPolyFromText (WKT, srid)    Construct a MultiPolygon given an arbitrary collection of closed linestrings as a MultiLineString text representation Well-Known text representation.
ST_GeogFromText  G (EWKT)    Return a specified geography value from Well-Known Text representation or extended (WKT).
ST_GeographyFromText  G (EWKT)    Return a specified geography value from Well-Known Text representation or extended (WKT).
ST_GeomCollFromText  mm    Makes a collection Geometry from collection WKT with the given SRID. If SRID is not given, it defaults to 0.
  1. WKT, srid
  2. WKT
ST_GeomFromEWKT  3d (EWKT)    Return a specified ST_Geometry value from Extended Well-Known Text representation (EWKT).
ST_GeomFromMARC21 (marcxml)    Takes MARC21/XML geographic data as input and returns a PostGIS geometry object.
ST_GeometryFromText  mm    Return a specified ST_Geometry value from Well-Known Text representation (WKT). This is an alias name for ST_GeomFromText
  1. WKT
  2. WKT, srid
ST_GeomFromText  mm    Return a specified ST_Geometry value from Well-Known Text representation (WKT).
  1. WKT
  2. WKT, srid
ST_LineFromText  mm    Makes a Geometry from WKT representation with the given SRID. If SRID is not given, it defaults to 0.
  1. WKT
  2. WKT, srid
ST_MLineFromText  mm    Return a specified ST_MultiLineString value from WKT representation.
  1. WKT, srid
  2. WKT
ST_MPointFromText  mm    Makes a Geometry from WKT with the given SRID. If SRID is not given, it defaults to 0.
  1. WKT, srid
  2. WKT
ST_MPolyFromText  mm    Makes a MultiPolygon Geometry from WKT with the given SRID. If SRID is not given, it defaults to 0.
  1. WKT, srid
  2. WKT
ST_PointFromText  mm    Makes a point Geometry from WKT with the given SRID. If SRID is not given, it defaults to unknown.
  1. WKT
  2. WKT, srid
ST_PolygonFromText  mm    Makes a Geometry from WKT with the given SRID. If SRID is not given, it defaults to 0.
  1. WKT
  2. WKT, srid
ST_WKTToSQL  mm (WKT)    Return a specified ST_Geometry value from Well-Known Text representation (WKT). This is an alias name for ST_GeomFromText
ST_GeogFromWKB  G (wkb)    Creates a geography instance from a Well-Known Binary geometry representation (WKB) or extended Well Known Binary (EWKB).
ST_GeomFromEWKB  3d (EWKB)    Return a specified ST_Geometry value from Extended Well-Known Binary representation (EWKB).
ST_GeomFromWKB  mm    Creates a geometry instance from a Well-Known Binary geometry representation (WKB) and optional SRID.
  1. geom
  2. geom, srid
ST_LineFromWKB  mm    Makes a LINESTRING from WKB with the given SRID
  1. WKB
  2. WKB, srid
ST_LinestringFromWKB  mm    Makes a geometry from WKB with the given SRID.
  1. WKB
  2. WKB, srid
ST_PointFromWKB  mm  3d    Makes a geometry from WKB with the given SRID
  1. geom
  2. geom, srid
ST_WKBToSQL  mm (WKB)    Return a specified ST_Geometry value from Well-Known Binary representation (WKB). This is an alias name for ST_GeomFromWKB that takes no srid
ST_Box2dFromGeoHash (geohash, precision=full_precision_of_geohash)    Return a BOX2D from a GeoHash string.
ST_GeomFromGeoHash (geohash, precision=full_precision_of_geohash)    Return a geometry from a GeoHash string.
ST_GeomFromGML  3d    Takes as input GML representation of geometry and outputs a PostGIS geometry object
  1. geomgml
  2. geomgml, srid
ST_GeomFromGeoJSON  3d    Takes as input a geojson representation of a geometry and outputs a PostGIS geometry object
  1. geomjson
  2. geomjson
  3. geomjson
ST_GeomFromKML  3d (geomkml)    Takes as input KML representation of geometry and outputs a PostGIS geometry object
ST_GeomFromTWKB (twkb)    Creates a geometry instance from a TWKB ("Tiny Well-Known Binary") geometry representation.
ST_GMLToSQL  mm    Return a specified ST_Geometry value from GML representation. This is an alias name for ST_GeomFromGML
  1. geomgml
  2. geomgml, srid
ST_LineFromEncodedPolyline (polyline, precision=5)    Creates a LineString from an Encoded Polyline.
ST_PointFromGeoHash (geohash, precision=full_precision_of_geohash)    Return a point from a GeoHash string.
ST_FromFlatGeobufToTable (schemaname, tablename, FlatGeobuf input data)    Creates a table based on the structure of FlatGeobuf data.
ST_FromFlatGeobuf (Table reference, FlatGeobuf input data)    Reads FlatGeobuf data.

Geometry Output
ST_AsEWKT  G  3d    Return the Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the geometry with SRID meta data.
  1. g1
  2. g1, maxdecimaldigits=15
  3. g1
  4. g1, maxdecimaldigits=15
ST_AsText  mm  G    Return the Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the geometry/geography without SRID metadata.
  1. g1
  2. g1, maxdecimaldigits = 15
  3. g1
  4. g1, maxdecimaldigits = 15
ST_AsBinary  mm  G  3d    Return the OGC/ISO Well-Known Binary (WKB) representation of the geometry/geography without SRID meta data.
  1. g1
  2. g1, NDR_or_XDR
  3. g1
  4. g1, NDR_or_XDR
ST_AsEWKB  3d    Return the Extended Well-Known Binary (EWKB) representation of the geometry with SRID meta data.
  1. g1
  2. g1, NDR_or_XDR
ST_AsHEXEWKB  3d    Returns a Geometry in HEXEWKB format (as text) using either little-endian (NDR) or big-endian (XDR) encoding.
  1. g1, NDRorXDR
  2. g1
ST_AsEncodedPolyline (geom, precision=5)    Returns an Encoded Polyline from a LineString geometry.
ST_AsFlatGeobuf    Return a FlatGeobuf representation of a set of rows.
  1. row agg
  2. row, index
  3. row, index, geom_name
ST_AsGeobuf    Return a Geobuf representation of a set of rows.
  1. row agg
  2. row, geom_name
ST_AsGeoJSON  G  3d    Return a geometry or feature in GeoJSON format.
  1. feature, geom_column="", maxdecimaldigits=9, pretty_bool=false, id_column=''
  2. geom, maxdecimaldigits=9, options=8
  3. geog, maxdecimaldigits=9, options=0
ST_AsGML  mm  G  3d    Return the geometry as a GML version 2 or 3 element.
  1. geom, maxdecimaldigits=15, options=0
  2. geog, maxdecimaldigits=15, options=0, nprefix=null, id=null
  3. version, geom, maxdecimaldigits=15, options=0, nprefix=null, id=null
  4. version, geog, maxdecimaldigits=15, options=0, nprefix=null, id=null
ST_AsKML  G  3d    Return the geometry as a KML element.
  1. geom, maxdecimaldigits=15, nprefix=NULL
  2. geog, maxdecimaldigits=15, nprefix=NULL
ST_AsLatLonText (pt, format='')    Return the Degrees, Minutes, Seconds representation of the given point.
ST_AsMARC21 (geom, format='hdddmmss')    Returns geometry as a MARC21/XML record with a geographic datafield (034).
ST_AsMVTGeom (geom, bounds, extent=4096, buffer=256, clip_geom=true)    Transforms a geometry into the coordinate space of a MVT tile.
ST_AsMVT    Aggregate function returning a MVT representation of a set of rows.
  1. row agg
  2. row, name
  3. row, name, extent
  4. row, name, extent, geom_name
  5. row, name, extent, geom_name, feature_id_name
ST_AsSVG  G    Returns SVG path data for a geometry.
  1. geom, rel=0, maxdecimaldigits=15
  2. geog, rel=0, maxdecimaldigits=15
ST_AsTWKB    Returns the geometry as TWKB, aka "Tiny Well-Known Binary"
  1. geom, prec=0, prec_z=0, prec_m=0, with_sizes=false, with_boxes=false
  2. geom, ids, prec=0, prec_z=0, prec_m=0, with_sizes=false, with_boxes=false
ST_AsX3D  3d (g1, maxdecimaldigits=15, options=0)    Returns a Geometry in X3D xml node element format: ISO-IEC-19776-1.2-X3DEncodings-XML
ST_GeoHash (geom, maxchars=full_precision_of_point)    Return a GeoHash representation of the geometry.

Operators
&&  G    Returns TRUE if A's 2D bounding box intersects B's 2D bounding box.
  1. A, B
  2. A, B
&&(geometry,box2df) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a geometry's (cached) 2D bounding box intersects a 2D float precision bounding box (BOX2DF).
&&(box2df,geometry) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a 2D float precision bounding box (BOX2DF) intersects a geometry's (cached) 2D bounding box.
&&(box2df,box2df) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if two 2D float precision bounding boxes (BOX2DF) intersect each other.
&&&  3d (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's n-D bounding box intersects B's n-D bounding box.
&&&(geometry,gidx)  3d (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a geometry's (cached) n-D bounding box intersects a n-D float precision bounding box (GIDX).
&&&(gidx,geometry)  3d (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a n-D float precision bounding box (GIDX) intersects a geometry's (cached) n-D bounding box.
&&&(gidx,gidx)  3d (A, B)    Returns TRUE if two n-D float precision bounding boxes (GIDX) intersect each other.
&< (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box overlaps or is to the left of B's.
&<| (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box overlaps or is below B's.
&> (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A' bounding box overlaps or is to the right of B's.
<< (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box is strictly to the left of B's.
<<| (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box is strictly below B's.
=  G    Returns TRUE if the coordinates and coordinate order geometry/geography A are the same as the coordinates and coordinate order of geometry/geography B.
  1. A, B
  2. A, B
>> (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box is strictly to the right of B's.
@ (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box is contained by B's.
@(geometry,box2df) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a geometry's 2D bounding box is contained into a 2D float precision bounding box (BOX2DF).
@(box2df,geometry) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a 2D float precision bounding box (BOX2DF) is contained into a geometry's 2D bounding box.
@(box2df,box2df) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a 2D float precision bounding box (BOX2DF) is contained into another 2D float precision bounding box.
|&> (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box overlaps or is above B's.
|>> (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box is strictly above B's.
~ (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box contains B's.
~(geometry,box2df) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a geometry's 2D bonding box contains a 2D float precision bounding box (GIDX).
~(box2df,geometry) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a 2D float precision bounding box (BOX2DF) contains a geometry's 2D bonding box.
~(box2df,box2df) (A, B)    Returns TRUE if a 2D float precision bounding box (BOX2DF) contains another 2D float precision bounding box (BOX2DF).
~= (A, B)    Returns TRUE if A's bounding box is the same as B's.
<->  G    Returns the 2D distance between A and B.
  1. A, B
  2. A, B
|=| (A, B)    Returns the distance between A and B trajectories at their closest point of approach.
<#> (A, B)    Returns the 2D distance between A and B bounding boxes.
<<->> (A, B)    Returns the n-D distance between the A and B geometries or bounding boxes

Spatial Relationships
ST_3DIntersects  mm  3d (geomA, geomB)    Tests if two geometries spatially intersect in 3D - only for points, linestrings, polygons, polyhedral surface (area)
ST_Contains  mm (geomA, geomB)    Tests if every point of B lies in A, and their interiors have a point in common
ST_ContainsProperly (geomA, geomB)    Tests if every point of B lies in the interior of A
ST_CoveredBy  G    Tests if every point of A lies in B
  1. geomA, geomB
  2. geogA, geogB
ST_Covers  G    Tests if every point of B lies in A
  1. geomA, geomB
  2. geogpolyA, geogpointB
ST_Crosses  mm (g1, g2)    Tests if two geometries have some, but not all, interior points in common
ST_Disjoint  mm (A, B)    Tests if two geometries have no points in common
ST_Equals  mm (A, B)    Tests if two geometries include the same set of points
ST_Intersects  mm  G    Tests if two geometries intersect (they have at least one point in common)
  1. geomA, geomB
  2. geogA, geogB
ST_LineCrossingDirection (linestringA, linestringB)    Returns a number indicating the crossing behavior of two LineStrings
ST_OrderingEquals  mm (A, B)    Tests if two geometries represent the same geometry and have points in the same directional order
ST_Overlaps  mm (A, B)    Tests if two geometries have the same dimension and intersect, but each has at least one point not in the other
ST_Relate  mm    Tests if two geometries have a topological relationship matching an Intersection Matrix pattern, or computes their Intersection Matrix
  1. geomA, geomB, intersectionMatrixPattern
  2. geomA, geomB
  3. geomA, geomB, boundaryNodeRule
ST_RelateMatch (intersectionMatrix, intersectionMatrixPattern)    Tests if a DE-9IM Intersection Matrix matches an Intersection Matrix pattern
ST_Touches  mm (A, B)    Tests if two geometries have at least one point in common, but their interiors do not intersect
ST_Within  mm (A, B)    Tests if every point of A lies in B, and their interiors have a point in common
ST_3DDWithin  mm  3d (g1, g2, distance_of_srid)    Tests if two 3D geometries are within a given 3D distance
ST_3DDFullyWithin  3d (g1, g2, distance)    Tests if two 3D geometries are entirely within a given 3D distance
ST_DFullyWithin (g1, g2, distance)    Tests if a geometry is entirely inside a distance of another
ST_DWithin  G    Tests if two geometries are within a given distance
  1. g1, g2, distance_of_srid
  2. gg1, gg2, distance_meters, use_spheroid = true
ST_PointInsideCircle (a_point, center_x, center_y, radius)    Tests if a point geometry is inside a circle defined by a center and radius

Measurement Functions
ST_Area  mm  G    Returns the area of a polygonal geometry.
  1. g1
  2. geog, use_spheroid = true
ST_Azimuth  G    Returns the north-based azimuth of a line between two points.
  1. origin, target
  2. origin, target
ST_Angle    Returns the angle between two vectors defined by 3 or 4 points, or 2 lines.
  1. point1, point2, point3, point4
  2. line1, line2
ST_ClosestPoint  G    Returns the 2D point on g1 that is closest to g2. This is the first point of the shortest line from one geometry to the other.
  1. geom1, geom2
  2. geom1, geom2, use_spheroid = true
ST_3DClosestPoint  3d (g1, g2)    Returns the 3D point on g1 that is closest to g2. This is the first point of the 3D shortest line.
ST_Distance  mm  G    Returns the distance between two geometry or geography values.
  1. g1, g2
  2. geog1, geog2, use_spheroid = true
ST_3DDistance  mm  3d (g1, g2)    Returns the 3D cartesian minimum distance (based on spatial ref) between two geometries in projected units.
ST_DistanceSphere (geomlonlatA, geomlonlatB, radius=6371008)    Returns minimum distance in meters between two lon/lat geometries using a spherical earth model.
ST_DistanceSpheroid (geomlonlatA, geomlonlatB, measurement_spheroid=WGS84)    Returns the minimum distance between two lon/lat geometries using a spheroidal earth model.
ST_FrechetDistance (g1, g2, densifyFrac = -1)    Returns the Fréchet distance between two geometries.
ST_HausdorffDistance    Returns the Hausdorff distance between two geometries.
  1. g1, g2
  2. g1, g2, densifyFrac
ST_Length  mm  G    Returns the 2D length of a linear geometry.
  1. a_2dlinestring
  2. geog, use_spheroid = true
ST_Length2D (a_2dlinestring)    Returns the 2D length of a linear geometry. Alias for ST_Length
ST_3DLength  mm  3d (a_3dlinestring)    Returns the 3D length of a linear geometry.
ST_LengthSpheroid  3d (a_geometry, a_spheroid)    Returns the 2D or 3D length/perimeter of a lon/lat geometry on a spheroid.
ST_LongestLine (g1, g2)    Returns the 2D longest line between two geometries.
ST_3DLongestLine  3d (g1, g2)    Returns the 3D longest line between two geometries
ST_MaxDistance (g1, g2)    Returns the 2D largest distance between two geometries in projected units.
ST_3DMaxDistance  3d (g1, g2)    Returns the 3D cartesian maximum distance (based on spatial ref) between two geometries in projected units.
ST_MinimumClearance (g)    Returns the minimum clearance of a geometry, a measure of a geometry's robustness.
ST_MinimumClearanceLine (g)    Returns the two-point LineString spanning a geometry's minimum clearance.
ST_Perimeter  mm  G    Returns the length of the boundary of a polygonal geometry or geography.
  1. g1
  2. geog, use_spheroid = true
ST_Perimeter2D (geomA)    Returns the 2D perimeter of a polygonal geometry. Alias for ST_Perimeter.
ST_3DPerimeter  mm  3d (geomA)    Returns the 3D perimeter of a polygonal geometry.
ST_ShortestLine  G    Returns the 2D shortest line between two geometries
  1. geom1, geom2
  2. geom1, geom2, use_spheroid = true
ST_3DShortestLine  3d (g1, g2)    Returns the 3D shortest line between two geometries

Overlay Functions
ST_ClipByBox2D (geom, box)    Computes the portion of a geometry falling within a rectangle.
ST_Difference  mm  g3.9  3d (geomA, geomB, gridSize = -1)    Computes a geometry representing the part of geometry A that does not intersect geometry B.
ST_Intersection  mm  G  g3.9  3d    Computes a geometry representing the shared portion of geometries A and B.
  1. geomA, geomB, gridSize = -1
  2. geogA, geogB
ST_MemUnion  3d (geomfield)    Aggregate function which unions geometries in a memory-efficent but slower way
ST_Node  3d (geom)    Nodes a collection of lines.
ST_Split (input, blade)    Returns a collection of geometries created by splitting a geometry by another geometry.
ST_Subdivide  g3.9 (geom, max_vertices=256, gridSize = -1)    Computes a rectilinear subdivision of a geometry.
ST_SymDifference  mm  g3.9  3d (geomA, geomB, gridSize = -1)    Computes a geometry representing the portions of geometries A and B that do not intersect.
ST_UnaryUnion  g3.9  3d (geom, gridSize = -1)    Computes the union of the components of a single geometry.
ST_Union  mm  g3.9  3d    Computes a geometry representing the point-set union of the input geometries.
  1. g1, g2
  2. g1, g2, gridSize
  3. g1_array
  4. g1field agg
  5. g1field, gridSize agg

Geometry Processing
ST_Buffer  mm  G    Computes a geometry covering all points within a given distance from a geometry.
  1. g1, radius_of_buffer, buffer_style_parameters = ''
  2. g1, radius_of_buffer, num_seg_quarter_circle
  3. g1, radius_of_buffer, buffer_style_parameters
  4. g1, radius_of_buffer, num_seg_quarter_circle
ST_BuildArea (geom)    Creates a polygonal geometry formed by the linework of a geometry.
ST_Centroid  mm  G    Returns the geometric center of a geometry.
  1. g1
  2. g1, use_spheroid = true
ST_ChaikinSmoothing  3d (geom, nIterations = 1, preserveEndPoints = false)    Returns a smoothed version of a geometry, using the Chaikin algorithm
ST_ConcaveHull (param_geom, param_pctconvex, param_allow_holes = false)    Computes a possibly concave geometry that contains all input geometry vertices
ST_ConvexHull  mm  3d (geomA)    Computes the convex hull of a geometry.
ST_DelaunayTriangles  3d (g1, tolerance = 0.0, flags = 0)    Returns the Delaunay triangulation of the vertices of a geometry.
ST_FilterByM (geom, min, max = null, returnM = false)    Removes vertices based on their M value
ST_GeneratePoints (g, npoints, seed = 0)    Generates a multipoint of random points contained in a Polygon or MultiPolygon.
ST_GeometricMedian  3d (geom, tolerance = NULL, max_iter = 10000, fail_if_not_converged = false)    Returns the geometric median of a MultiPoint.
ST_LineMerge  g3.11    Return the lines formed by sewing together a MultiLineString.
  1. amultilinestring
  2. amultilinestring, directed
ST_MaximumInscribedCircle  g3.9 (geom)    Computes the largest circle contained within a geometry.
ST_LargestEmptyCircle  g3.9 (geom, tolerance=0.0, boundary=POINT EMPTY)    Computes the largest circle not overlapping a geometry.
ST_MinimumBoundingCircle (geomA, num_segs_per_qt_circ=48)    Returns the smallest circle polygon that contains a geometry.
ST_MinimumBoundingRadius (geom)    Returns the center point and radius of the smallest circle that contains a geometry.
ST_OrientedEnvelope (geom)    Returns a minimum-area rectangle containing a geometry.
ST_OffsetCurve (line, signed_distance, style_parameters='')    Returns an offset line at a given distance and side from an input line.
ST_PointOnSurface  mm  3d (g1)    Computes a point guaranteed to lie in a polygon, or on a geometry.
ST_Polygonize    Computes a collection of polygons formed from the linework of a set of geometries.
  1. geomfield agg
  2. geom_array
ST_ReducePrecision  g3.9 (g, gridsize)    Returns a valid geometry with points rounded to a grid tolerance.
ST_SharedPaths (lineal1, lineal2)    Returns a collection containing paths shared by the two input linestrings/multilinestrings.
ST_Simplify    Returns a simplified representation of a geometry, using the Douglas-Peucker algorithm.
  1. geom, tolerance
  2. geom, tolerance, preserveCollapsed
ST_SimplifyPreserveTopology (geom, tolerance)    Returns a simplified and valid representation of a geometry, using the Douglas-Peucker algorithm.
ST_SimplifyPolygonHull  g3.11 (param_geom, vertex_fraction, is_outer = true)    Computes a simplifed topology-preserving outer or inner hull of a polygonal geometry.
ST_SimplifyVW (geom, tolerance)    Returns a simplified representation of a geometry, using the Visvalingam-Whyatt algorithm
ST_SetEffectiveArea (geom, threshold = 0, set_area = 1)    Sets the effective area for each vertex, using the Visvalingam-Whyatt algorithm.
ST_TriangulatePolygon  g3.11 (geom)    Computes the constrained Delaunay triangulation of polygons
ST_VoronoiLines (geom, tolerance = 0.0, extend_to = NULL)    Returns the boundaries of the Voronoi diagram of the vertices of a geometry.
ST_VoronoiPolygons (geom, tolerance = 0.0, extend_to = NULL)    Returns the cells of the Voronoi diagram of the vertices of a geometry.

Coverages
ST_CoverageInvalidEdges  g3.12 (geom, tolerance = 0)    Window function that finds locations where polygons fail to form a valid coverage.
ST_CoverageSimplify  g3.12 (geom, tolerance, simplifyBoundary = true)    Window function that simplifies the edges of a polygonal coverage.
ST_CoverageUnion (geom)    Computes the union of a set of polygons forming a coverage by removing shared edges.

Affine Transformations
ST_Affine  3d    Apply a 3D affine transformation to a geometry.
  1. geomA, a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, xoff, yoff, zoff
  2. geomA, a, b, d, e, xoff, yoff
ST_Rotate  3d    Rotates a geometry about an origin point.
  1. geomA, rotRadians
  2. geomA, rotRadians, x0, y0
  3. geomA, rotRadians, pointOrigin
ST_RotateX  3d (geomA, rotRadians)    Rotates a geometry about the X axis.
ST_RotateY  3d (geomA, rotRadians)    Rotates a geometry about the Y axis.
ST_RotateZ  3d (geomA, rotRadians)    Rotates a geometry about the Z axis.
ST_Scale  3d    Scales a geometry by given factors.
  1. geomA, XFactor, YFactor, ZFactor
  2. geomA, XFactor, YFactor
  3. geom, factor
  4. geom, factor, origin
ST_Translate  3d    Translates a geometry by given offsets.
  1. g1, deltax, deltay
  2. g1, deltax, deltay, deltaz
ST_TransScale  3d (geomA, deltaX, deltaY, XFactor, YFactor)    Translates and scales a geometry by given offsets and factors.

Clustering Functions
ST_ClusterDBSCAN (geom, eps, minpoints)    Window function that returns a cluster id for each input geometry using the DBSCAN algorithm.
ST_ClusterIntersecting (g)    Aggregate function that clusters input geometries into connected sets.
ST_ClusterIntersectingWin (geom)    Window function that returns a cluster id for each input geometry, clustering input geometries into connected sets.
ST_ClusterKMeans (geom, number_of_clusters, max_radius)    Window function that returns a cluster id for each input geometry using the K-means algorithm.
ST_ClusterWithin (g, distance)    Aggregate function that clusters geometries by separation distance.
ST_ClusterWithinWin (geom, distance)    Window function that returns a cluster id for each input geometry, clustering using separation distance.

Bounding Box Functions
Box2D (geom)    Returns a BOX2D representing the 2D extent of a geometry.
Box3D  3d (geom)    Returns a BOX3D representing the 3D extent of a geometry.
ST_EstimatedExtent    Returns the estimated extent of a spatial table.
  1. schema_name, table_name, geocolumn_name, parent_only
  2. schema_name, table_name, geocolumn_name
  3. table_name, geocolumn_name
ST_Expand    Returns a bounding box expanded from another bounding box or a geometry.
  1. geom, units_to_expand
  2. geom, dx, dy, dz=0, dm=0
  3. box, units_to_expand
  4. box, dx, dy
  5. box, units_to_expand
  6. box, dx, dy, dz=0
ST_Extent (geomfield)    Aggregate function that returns the bounding box of geometries.
ST_3DExtent  3d (geomfield)    Aggregate function that returns the 3D bounding box of geometries.
ST_MakeBox2D (pointLowLeft, pointUpRight)    Creates a BOX2D defined by two 2D point geometries.
ST_3DMakeBox (point3DLowLeftBottom, point3DUpRightTop)    Creates a BOX3D defined by two 3D point geometries.
ST_XMax  3d (aGeomorBox2DorBox3D)    Returns the X maxima of a 2D or 3D bounding box or a geometry.
ST_XMin  3d (aGeomorBox2DorBox3D)    Returns the X minima of a 2D or 3D bounding box or a geometry.
ST_YMax  3d (aGeomorBox2DorBox3D)    Returns the Y maxima of a 2D or 3D bounding box or a geometry.
ST_YMin  3d (aGeomorBox2DorBox3D)    Returns the Y minima of a 2D or 3D bounding box or a geometry.
ST_ZMax  3d (aGeomorBox2DorBox3D)    Returns the Z maxima of a 2D or 3D bounding box or a geometry.
ST_ZMin  3d (aGeomorBox2DorBox3D)    Returns the Z minima of a 2D or 3D bounding box or a geometry.

Linear Referencing
ST_LineInterpolatePoint  G  3d    Returns a point interpolated along a line at a fractional location.
  1. a_linestring, a_fraction
  2. a_linestring, a_fraction, use_spheroid = true
ST_3DLineInterpolatePoint  3d (a_linestring, a_fraction)    Returns a point interpolated along a 3D line at a fractional location.
ST_LineInterpolatePoints  G  3d    Returns points interpolated along a line at a fractional interval.
  1. a_linestring, a_fraction, repeat
  2. a_linestring, a_fraction, use_spheroid = true, repeat = true
ST_LineLocatePoint  G    Returns the fractional location of the closest point on a line to a point.
  1. a_linestring, a_point
  2. a_linestring, a_point, use_spheroid = true
ST_LineSubstring  G  3d    Returns the part of a line between two fractional locations.
  1. a_linestring, startfraction, endfraction
  2. a_linestring, startfraction, endfraction
ST_LocateAlong  mm (geom_with_measure, measure, offset = 0)    Returns the point(s) on a geometry that match a measure value.
ST_LocateBetween  mm (geom, measure_start, measure_end, offset = 0)    Returns the portions of a geometry that match a measure range.
ST_LocateBetweenElevations  3d (geom, elevation_start, elevation_end)    Returns the portions of a geometry that lie in an elevation (Z) range.
ST_InterpolatePoint  3d (linear_geom_with_measure, point)    Returns the interpolated measure of a geometry closest to a point.
ST_AddMeasure  3d (geom_mline, measure_start, measure_end)    Interpolates measures along a linear geometry.

Trajectory Functions
ST_IsValidTrajectory  3d (line)    Tests if the geometry is a valid trajectory.
ST_ClosestPointOfApproach  3d (track1, track2)    Returns a measure at the closest point of approach of two trajectories.
ST_DistanceCPA  3d (track1, track2)    Returns the distance between the closest point of approach of two trajectories.
ST_CPAWithin  3d (track1, track2, dist)    Tests if the closest point of approach of two trajectories is within the specified distance.

Long Transaction Support
AddAuth (auth_token)    Adds an authorization token to be used in the current transaction.
CheckAuth    Creates a trigger on a table to prevent/allow updates and deletes of rows based on authorization token.
  1. a_schema_name, a_table_name, a_key_column_name
  2. a_table_name, a_key_column_name
DisableLongTransactions ()    Disables long transaction support.
EnableLongTransactions ()    Enables long transaction support.
LockRow    Sets lock/authorization for a row in a table.
  1. a_schema_name, a_table_name, a_row_key, an_auth_token, expire_dt
  2. a_table_name, a_row_key, an_auth_token, expire_dt
  3. a_table_name, a_row_key, an_auth_token
UnlockRows (auth_token)    Removes all locks held by an authorization token.

Version Functions
PostGIS_Extensions_Upgrade (target_version=null)    Packages and upgrades PostGIS extensions (e.g. postgis_raster, postgis_topology, postgis_sfcgal) to given or latest version.
PostGIS_Full_Version ()    Reports full PostGIS version and build configuration infos.
PostGIS_GEOS_Version ()    Returns the version number of the GEOS library.
PostGIS_GEOS_Compiled_Version ()    Returns the version number of the GEOS library against which PostGIS was built.
PostGIS_Liblwgeom_Version ()    Returns the version number of the liblwgeom library. This should match the version of PostGIS.
PostGIS_LibXML_Version ()    Returns the version number of the libxml2 library.
PostGIS_Lib_Build_Date ()    Returns build date of the PostGIS library.
PostGIS_Lib_Version ()    Returns the version number of the PostGIS library.
PostGIS_PROJ_Version ()    Returns the version number of the PROJ4 library.
PostGIS_Wagyu_Version ()    Returns the version number of the internal Wagyu library.
PostGIS_Scripts_Build_Date ()    Returns build date of the PostGIS scripts.
PostGIS_Scripts_Installed ()    Returns version of the PostGIS scripts installed in this database.
PostGIS_Scripts_Released ()    Returns the version number of the postgis.sql script released with the installed PostGIS lib.
PostGIS_Version ()    Returns PostGIS version number and compile-time options.

Grand Unified Custom Variables (GUCs)
postgis.backend    The backend to service a function where GEOS and SFCGAL overlap. Options: geos or sfcgal. Defaults to geos.
postgis.gdal_datapath    A configuration option to assign the value of GDAL's GDAL_DATA option. If not set, the environmentally set GDAL_DATA variable is used.
postgis.gdal_enabled_drivers    A configuration option to set the enabled GDAL drivers in the PostGIS environment. Affects the GDAL configuration variable GDAL_SKIP.
postgis.enable_outdb_rasters    A boolean configuration option to enable access to out-db raster bands.
postgis.gdal_vsi_options    A string configuration to set options used when working with an out-db raster.

Troubleshooting Functions
PostGIS_AddBBox (geomA)    Add bounding box to the geometry.
PostGIS_DropBBox (geomA)    Drop the bounding box cache from the geometry.
PostGIS_HasBBox (geomA)    Returns TRUE if the bbox of this geometry is cached, FALSE otherwise.