ST_Polygonize — Computes a collection of polygons formed from the linework of a set of geometries.


geometry ST_Polygonize(geometry set geomfield);

geometry ST_Polygonize(geometry[] geom_array);


Creates a GeometryCollection containing the polygons formed by the constituent linework of a set of geometries. Input linework must be correctly noded for this function to work properly.


To ensure input is fully noded use ST_Node on the input geometry before polygonizing.


GeometryCollections are often difficult to deal with with third party tools. Use ST_Dump to convert the polygonize result into separate polygons.

Performed by the GEOS module.

Availability: 1.0.0RC1

Examples: Polygonizing single linestrings

SELECT ST_AsEWKT(ST_Polygonize(the_geom_4269)) As geomtextrep
FROM (SELECT the_geom_4269 FROM ma.suffolk_edges ORDER BY tlid LIMIT 45) As foo;

 SRID=4269;GEOMETRYCOLLECTION(POLYGON((-71.040878 42.285678,-71.040943 42.2856,-71.04096 42.285752,-71.040878 42.285678)),
 POLYGON((-71.17166 42.353675,-71.172026 42.354044,-71.17239 42.354358,-71.171794 42.354971,-71.170511 42.354855,
 -71.17112 42.354238,-71.17166 42.353675)))
(1 row)

--Use ST_Dump to dump out the polygonize geoms into individual polygons
SELECT ST_AsEWKT((ST_Dump(foofoo.polycoll)).geom) As geomtextrep
FROM (SELECT ST_Polygonize(the_geom_4269) As polycoll
    FROM (SELECT the_geom_4269 FROM ma.suffolk_edges
        ORDER BY tlid LIMIT 45) As foo) As foofoo;

 SRID=4269;POLYGON((-71.040878 42.285678,-71.040943 42.2856,-71.04096 42.285752,
-71.040878 42.285678))
 SRID=4269;POLYGON((-71.17166 42.353675,-71.172026 42.354044,-71.17239 42.354358
,-71.171794 42.354971,-71.170511 42.354855,-71.17112 42.354238,-71.17166 42.353675))
(2 rows)


See Also

ST_Node, ST_Dump