Pagc_Normalize_Address — Given a textual street address, returns a composite
norm_addy type that has road suffix, prefix and type standardized, street, streetname etc. broken into separate fields. This function
will work with just the lookup data packaged with the tiger_geocoder (no need for tiger census data). Requires address_standardizer extension.
norm_addy pagc_normalize_address(varchar in_address
Given a textual street address, returns a composite
norm_addy type that has road suffix, prefix and type standardized, street, streetname etc. broken into separate fields. This is the first step in the geocoding process to
get all addresses into normalized postal form. No other data is required aside from what is packaged with the geocoder.
This function just uses the various pagc_* lookup tables preloaded with the tiger_geocoder and located in the
tiger schema, so it doesn't need you to download tiger census data or any other additional data to make use of it.
You may find the need to add more abbreviations or alternative namings to the various lookup tables in the
It uses various control lookup tables located in
tiger schema to normalize the input address.
Fields in the
norm_addy type object returned by this function in this order where () indicates a field required by the geocoder,  indicates an optional field:
There are slight variations in casing and formatting over the Normalize_Address.
This method needs address_standardizer extension.
(address) [predirAbbrev] (streetName) [streetTypeAbbrev] [postdirAbbrev] [internal] [location] [stateAbbrev] [zip]
The native standardaddr of address_standardizer extension is at this time a bit richer than norm_addy since its designed to support international addresses (including country). standardaddr equivalent fields are:
house_num,predir, name, suftype, sufdir, unit, city, state, postcode
Enhanced: 2.4.0 norm_addy object includes additional fields zip4 and address_alphanumeric.
address is an integer: The street number
predirAbbrev is varchar: Directional prefix of road such as N, S, E, W etc. These are controlled using the
streetTypeAbbrev varchar abbreviated version of street type: e.g. St, Ave, Cir. These are controlled using the
postdirAbbrev varchar abbreviated directional suffice of road N, S, E, W etc. These are controlled using the
internal varchar internal address such as an apartment or suite number.
location varchar usually a city or governing province.
stateAbbrev varchar two character US State. e.g MA, NY, MI. These are controlled by the
zip varchar 5-digit zipcode. e.g. 02109.
parsed boolean - denotes if addess was formed from normalize process. The normalize_address function sets this to true before returning the address.
zip4 last 4 digits of a 9 digit zip code. Availability: PostGIS 2.4.0.
address_alphanumeric Full street number even if it has alpha characters like 17R. Parsing of this is better using Pagc_Normalize_Address function. Availability: PostGIS 2.4.0.
Single call example
SELECT addy.* FROM pagc_normalize_address('9000 E ROO ST STE 999, Springfield, CO') AS addy; address | predirabbrev | streetname | streettypeabbrev | postdirabbrev | internal | location | stateabbrev | zip | parsed ---------+--------------+------------+------------------+---------------+-----------+-------------+-------------+-----+-------- 9000 | E | ROO | ST | | SUITE 999 | SPRINGFIELD | CO | | t
Batch call. There are currently speed issues with the way postgis_tiger_geocoder wraps the address_standardizer. These will hopefully be resolved in later editions. To work around them, if you need speed for batch geocoding to call generate a normaddy in batch mode, you are encouraged to directly call the address_standardizer standardize_address function as shown below which is similar exercise to what we did in Normalize_Address that uses data created in Geocode.
WITH g AS (SELECT address, ROW((sa).house_num, (sa).predir, (sa).name , (sa).suftype, (sa).sufdir, (sa).unit , (sa).city, (sa).state, (sa).postcode, true)::norm_addy As na FROM (SELECT address, standardize_address('tiger.pagc_lex' , 'tiger.pagc_gaz' , 'tiger.pagc_rules', address) As sa FROM addresses_to_geocode) As g) SELECT address As orig, (g.na).streetname, (g.na).streettypeabbrev FROM g; orig | streetname | streettypeabbrev -----------------------------------------------------+---------------+------------------ 529 Main Street, Boston MA, 02129 | MAIN | ST 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 | MASSACHUSETTS | AVE 25 Wizard of Oz, Walaford, KS 99912323 | WIZARD OF | 26 Capen Street, Medford, MA | CAPEN | ST 124 Mount Auburn St, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 | MOUNT AUBURN | ST 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610 | MAIN | ST