ST_Scale — Scales a geometry by given factors.


geometry ST_Scale(geometry geomA, float XFactor, float YFactor, float ZFactor);

geometry ST_Scale(geometry geomA, float XFactor, float YFactor);

geometry ST_Scale(geometry geom, geometry factor);

geometry ST_Scale(geometry geom, geometry factor, geometry origin);


Scales the geometry to a new size by multiplying the ordinates with the corresponding factor parameters.

The version taking a geometry as the factor parameter allows passing a 2d, 3dm, 3dz or 4d point to set scaling factor for all supported dimensions. Missing dimensions in the factor point are equivalent to no scaling the corresponding dimension.

The three-geometry variant allows a "false origin" for the scaling to be passed in. This allows "scaling in place", for example using the centroid of the geometry as the false origin. Without a false origin, scaling takes place relative to the actual origin, so all coordinates are just multipled by the scale factor.


1.3.4 미만 버전에서 이 함수에 만곡 도형(curve)을 담고 있는 도형을 입력하면 충돌이 일어났습니다. 1.3.4 버전부터 이 버그가 해결됐습니다.

Availability: 1.1.0.

개선 사항: 2.0.0 버전부터 다면체 표면, 삼각형 및 TIN을 지원하기 시작했습니다.

Enhanced: 2.2.0 support for scaling all dimension (factor parameter) was introduced.

Enhanced: 2.5.0 support for scaling relative to a local origin (origin parameter) was introduced.

This function supports Polyhedral surfaces.

This function supports 3d and will not drop the z-index.

This method supports Circular Strings and Curves.

This function supports Triangles and Triangulated Irregular Network Surfaces (TIN).

This function supports M coordinates.


--Version 1: scale X, Y, Z
SELECT ST_AsEWKT(ST_Scale(ST_GeomFromEWKT('LINESTRING(1 2 3, 1 1 1)'), 0.5, 0.75, 0.8));
 LINESTRING(0.5 1.5 2.4,0.5 0.75 0.8)

--Version 2: Scale X Y
 SELECT ST_AsEWKT(ST_Scale(ST_GeomFromEWKT('LINESTRING(1 2 3, 1 1 1)'), 0.5, 0.75));
 LINESTRING(0.5 1.5 3,0.5 0.75 1)

--Version 3: Scale X Y Z M
 SELECT ST_AsEWKT(ST_Scale(ST_GeomFromEWKT('LINESTRING(1 2 3 4, 1 1 1 1)'),
   ST_MakePoint(0.5, 0.75, 2, -1)));
 LINESTRING(0.5 1.5 6 -4,0.5 0.75 2 -1)

--Version 4: Scale X Y using false origin
SELECT ST_AsText(ST_Scale('LINESTRING(1 1, 2 2)', 'POINT(2 2)', 'POINT(1 1)'::geometry));
 LINESTRING(1 1,3 3)