## Name

ST_DumpPoints — Returns a set of geometry_dump rows for the coordinates in a geometry.

## Synopsis

geometry_dump[] ST_DumpPoints(geometry geom);

## Description

A set-returning function (SRF) that extracts the coordinates (vertices) of a geometry. It returns a set of geometry_dump rows, each containing a geometry (geom field) and an array of integers (path field).

• the geom field POINTs represent the coordinates of the supplied geometry.

• the path field (an integer[]) is an index enumerating the coordinate positions in the elements of the supplied geometry. The indices are 1-based. For example, for a LINESTRING the paths are {i} where i is the nth coordinate in the LINESTRING. For a POLYGON the paths are {i,j} where i is the ring number (1 is outer; inner rings follow) and j is the coordinate position in the ring.

To obtain a single geometry containing the coordinates use ST_Points.

Enhanced: 2.1.0 Faster speed. Reimplemented as native-C.

Enhanced: 2.0.0 support for Polyhedral surfaces, Triangles and TIN was introduced.

Availability: 1.5.0

This method supports Circular Strings and Curves

This function supports Polyhedral surfaces.

This function supports Triangles and Triangulated Irregular Network Surfaces (TIN).

This function supports 3d and will not drop the z-index.

## Classic Explode a Table of LineStrings into nodes

SELECT edge_id, (dp).path[1] As index, ST_AsText((dp).geom) As wktnode
FROM (SELECT 1 As edge_id
, ST_DumpPoints(ST_GeomFromText('LINESTRING(1 2, 3 4, 10 10)')) AS dp
UNION ALL
SELECT 2 As edge_id
, ST_DumpPoints(ST_GeomFromText('LINESTRING(3 5, 5 6, 9 10)')) AS dp
) As foo;
edge_id | index |    wktnode
---------+-------+--------------
1 |     1 | POINT(1 2)
1 |     2 | POINT(3 4)
1 |     3 | POINT(10 10)
2 |     1 | POINT(3 5)
2 |     2 | POINT(5 6)
2 |     3 | POINT(9 10)

## Standard Geometry Examples

SELECT path, ST_AsText(geom)
FROM (
SELECT (ST_DumpPoints(g.geom)).*
FROM
(SELECT
'GEOMETRYCOLLECTION(
POINT ( 0 1 ),
LINESTRING ( 0 3, 3 4 ),
POLYGON (( 2 0, 2 3, 0 2, 2 0 )),
POLYGON (( 3 0, 3 3, 6 3, 6 0, 3 0 ),
( 5 1, 4 2, 5 2, 5 1 )),
MULTIPOLYGON (
(( 0 5, 0 8, 4 8, 4 5, 0 5 ),
( 1 6, 3 6, 2 7, 1 6 )),
(( 5 4, 5 8, 6 7, 5 4 ))
)
)'::geometry AS geom
) AS g
) j;

path    | st_astext
-----------+------------
{1,1}     | POINT(0 1)
{2,1}     | POINT(0 3)
{2,2}     | POINT(3 4)
{3,1,1}   | POINT(2 0)
{3,1,2}   | POINT(2 3)
{3,1,3}   | POINT(0 2)
{3,1,4}   | POINT(2 0)
{4,1,1}   | POINT(3 0)
{4,1,2}   | POINT(3 3)
{4,1,3}   | POINT(6 3)
{4,1,4}   | POINT(6 0)
{4,1,5}   | POINT(3 0)
{4,2,1}   | POINT(5 1)
{4,2,2}   | POINT(4 2)
{4,2,3}   | POINT(5 2)
{4,2,4}   | POINT(5 1)
{5,1,1,1} | POINT(0 5)
{5,1,1,2} | POINT(0 8)
{5,1,1,3} | POINT(4 8)
{5,1,1,4} | POINT(4 5)
{5,1,1,5} | POINT(0 5)
{5,1,2,1} | POINT(1 6)
{5,1,2,2} | POINT(3 6)
{5,1,2,3} | POINT(2 7)
{5,1,2,4} | POINT(1 6)
{5,2,1,1} | POINT(5 4)
{5,2,1,2} | POINT(5 8)
{5,2,1,3} | POINT(6 7)
{5,2,1,4} | POINT(5 4)
(29 rows)

## Polyhedral Surfaces, TIN and Triangle Examples

-- Polyhedral surface cube --
SELECT (g.gdump).path, ST_AsEWKT((g.gdump).geom) as wkt
FROM
(SELECT
ST_DumpPoints(ST_GeomFromEWKT('POLYHEDRALSURFACE( ((0 0 0, 0 0 1, 0 1 1, 0 1 0, 0 0 0)),
((0 0 0, 0 1 0, 1 1 0, 1 0 0, 0 0 0)), ((0 0 0, 1 0 0, 1 0 1, 0 0 1, 0 0 0)),
((1 1 0, 1 1 1, 1 0 1, 1 0 0, 1 1 0)),
((0 1 0, 0 1 1, 1 1 1, 1 1 0, 0 1 0)), ((0 0 1, 1 0 1, 1 1 1, 0 1 1, 0 0 1)) )') ) AS gdump
) AS g;
-- result --
path   |     wkt
---------+--------------
{1,1,1} | POINT(0 0 0)
{1,1,2} | POINT(0 0 1)
{1,1,3} | POINT(0 1 1)
{1,1,4} | POINT(0 1 0)
{1,1,5} | POINT(0 0 0)
{2,1,1} | POINT(0 0 0)
{2,1,2} | POINT(0 1 0)
{2,1,3} | POINT(1 1 0)
{2,1,4} | POINT(1 0 0)
{2,1,5} | POINT(0 0 0)
{3,1,1} | POINT(0 0 0)
{3,1,2} | POINT(1 0 0)
{3,1,3} | POINT(1 0 1)
{3,1,4} | POINT(0 0 1)
{3,1,5} | POINT(0 0 0)
{4,1,1} | POINT(1 1 0)
{4,1,2} | POINT(1 1 1)
{4,1,3} | POINT(1 0 1)
{4,1,4} | POINT(1 0 0)
{4,1,5} | POINT(1 1 0)
{5,1,1} | POINT(0 1 0)
{5,1,2} | POINT(0 1 1)
{5,1,3} | POINT(1 1 1)
{5,1,4} | POINT(1 1 0)
{5,1,5} | POINT(0 1 0)
{6,1,1} | POINT(0 0 1)
{6,1,2} | POINT(1 0 1)
{6,1,3} | POINT(1 1 1)
{6,1,4} | POINT(0 1 1)
{6,1,5} | POINT(0 0 1)
(30 rows)
-- Triangle --
SELECT (g.gdump).path, ST_AsText((g.gdump).geom) as wkt
FROM
(SELECT
ST_DumpPoints( ST_GeomFromEWKT('TRIANGLE ((
0 0,
0 9,
9 0,
0 0
))') ) AS gdump
) AS g;
-- result --
path |    wkt
------+------------
{1}  | POINT(0 0)
{2}  | POINT(0 9)
{3}  | POINT(9 0)
{4}  | POINT(0 0)
-- TIN --
SELECT (g.gdump).path, ST_AsEWKT((g.gdump).geom) as wkt
FROM
(SELECT
ST_DumpPoints( ST_GeomFromEWKT('TIN (((
0 0 0,
0 0 1,
0 1 0,
0 0 0
)), ((
0 0 0,
0 1 0,
1 1 0,
0 0 0
))
)') ) AS gdump
) AS g;
-- result --
path   |     wkt
---------+--------------
{1,1,1} | POINT(0 0 0)
{1,1,2} | POINT(0 0 1)
{1,1,3} | POINT(0 1 0)
{1,1,4} | POINT(0 0 0)
{2,1,1} | POINT(0 0 0)
{2,1,2} | POINT(0 1 0)
{2,1,3} | POINT(1 1 0)
{2,1,4} | POINT(0 0 0)
(8 rows)