ST_Within — Returns true if the geometry A is completely inside geometry B


boolean ST_Within(geometry A, geometry B);


Returns TRUE if geometry A is completely inside geometry B. For this function to make sense, the source geometries must both be of the same coordinate projection, having the same SRID. It is a given that if ST_Within(A,B) is true and ST_Within(B,A) is true, then the two geometries are considered spatially equal.

Performed by the GEOS module

Enhanced: 2.3.0 Enhancement to PIP short-circuit for geometry extended to support MultiPoints with few points. Prior versions only supported point in polygon.


Do not call with a GEOMETRYCOLLECTION as an argument


Do not use this function with invalid geometries. You will get unexpected results.

This function call will automatically include a bounding box comparison that will make use of any indexes that are available on the geometries. To avoid index use, use the function _ST_Within.

NOTE: this is the "allowable" version that returns a boolean, not an integer.

This method implements the OpenGIS Simple Features Implementation Specification for SQL 1.1. s2.1.1.2 // s2.1.13.3 - a.Relate(b, 'T*F**F***')

This method implements the SQL/MM specification. SQL-MM 3: 5.1.30


--a circle within a circle
SELECT ST_Within(smallc,smallc) As smallinsmall,
	ST_Within(smallc, bigc) As smallinbig,
	ST_Within(bigc,smallc) As biginsmall,
	ST_Within(ST_Union(smallc, bigc), bigc) as unioninbig,
	ST_Within(bigc, ST_Union(smallc, bigc)) as biginunion,
	ST_Equals(bigc, ST_Union(smallc, bigc)) as bigisunion
SELECT ST_Buffer(ST_GeomFromText('POINT(50 50)'), 20) As smallc,
	ST_Buffer(ST_GeomFromText('POINT(50 50)'), 40) As bigc) As foo;
 smallinsmall | smallinbig | biginsmall | unioninbig | biginunion | bigisunion
 t            | t          | f          | t          | t          | t
(1 row)

See Also

ST_Contains, ST_Equals, ST_IsValid